Located in the heart of ancient Thebes, Luxor temple is one of the most spectacular buildings in Egypt and the second largest in the area. Next, we discover everything you need to know if you are planning to visit this magnificent monument. Can you come with us?
Know your story brieflyLuxor Temple
The temple of Luxor was commanded to build by Amenophis III in the year 1400 B.C. The pharaoh left it in the hands of the architect Amenhotep, who built the naos or room in which the vital force of the divinity rests, the sanctuary of the boat or the room of offerings and antechamber. That is, everything related to the inside of the monument.
Years later, and under the reign of Ramses II, the outer enclosure was built, since the facade, the colossi and the obelisks were added.
The importance of the Luxor temple became such that other rulers (from the Nubian dynasty to Alexander the Great) contributed to its architectural aggrandizement.
At the entrance to the temple of Luxor are the two sitting statues of Ramses II, gray granite and measuring almost 16 meters high. They are the only ones that have survived of the six that had existed (two represented the pharaoh also sitting, and the other two, standing).Statues of Ramses II
Just like the statues, a pink granite obelisk has survived which reaches 25 meters. This one was next to another one that in 1853 was transferred to Paris. We talk about the obelisk of Luxor, a gift from the Valí from Egypt Mehemet Ali to France. King Luis Felipe I decided to place it in the Place de la Concorde.
Already inside the enclosure,we find several elements of interest, such as the mosque of Sheikh Abu Haggag, which combines Egyptian and Islamic elements; a processional colonnade formed by fourteen columns arranged in two rows; several peristyle patios (one added by Ramses II, and the other, by Amenophis III), etc.
Regarding the rooms, we should talk about the offerings, decorated with religious images in honor of Min and Amun, god to whom the temple of Luxor was consecrated. This room has a sanctuary and, right next to it, is the room that commemorates and describes the birth of Amenophis III.
On the other hand, in the complex you can also see traces of the Roman era. Without going any further, the Roman stuccoes were made above some Egyptian sculptures. Also, at that time they took local Christians to the place to renounce their faith and embrace the religion of the pagan state.
How and when to visit itFrieze in the temple of Luxor
The best option to visit the temple of Luxor and not lose detail of it is to hire a guided tour. The corresponding company will be in charge of picking up tourists in their accommodation to move them to the eastern shore of Luxor, which was the capital of Egypt in the Pharaonic era.
Once in the place, it remains only to know the monument and enjoy each of its architectural details. The visit usually also includes that of the Karnak temple, located more than three kilometers from the previous one and with which it communicated by the Avenue of the Sphinxes, of which you can see part today.
On the other hand, the temple can be visited from six in the morning to nine at night every day of the year Admission for adults costs 50 Egyptian pounds and for students, 30.
In case of hiring a tour, we would be talking about a higher price. In return, we would have the advantage of having a Spanish-speaking Egyptologist guide for five hours, as well as transport and pass to the insured temples.
Whichever option we choose, we must bear in mind that in Luxor temperatures can become quite high, passing 40 ° C. Therefore, the best time to travel to the Egyptian city is in autumn. There we can move by taxi or even by horse carriages.